Greedy western powers, led by the USA, took advantage of the ‘Arab Spring’ to try and seize Libya’s oil and assets and cynically bombed the benevolent Leader Gaddafi out of power as a ‘humanitarian intervention’ in the name of ‘Parliamentary Democracy’ (which has never worked in a tribal moslem society). 5 years later the horror and suffering goes on and on, amid a search for a new dictator able to channel Libya-s wealth to western corporations.
We do not know how many people have died in Libya as a result of the brutal NATO intervention in 2011. Some sources speak of about thirty thousand dead; Others increase that figure. The Red Cross estimates about 120,000 deaths. But there is no doubt that the war that started NATO has destroyed the country and thrown its six million inhabitants into a sinister nightmare.
Next March marks the sixth anniversary of the start of the massacre: from ships and planes the United States, France and Britain launched a flood of bombs and cruise missiles. They justified war and slaughter with UN Security Council resolution 1973, which spoke only of using the “necessary measures” to protect the civilian population that “was threatened”, and that authorized a no-fly zone, but Not the invasion of the country.
According to a recent Amnesty International report, 435,000 people are internally displaced, with more than 100,000 of those residing in makeshift camps.
There was no authorization to initiate a military intervention, much less an attack to overthrow the government of the country. China and Russia, as well as India and Germany, abstained in that vote on the Security Council, and subsequently, in view of the war imposed, both Moscow and Beijing denounced the abusive interpretation by Washington, its European allies and The NATO resolution of the Council.
South Africa, which had also voted in favor of the resolution, later denounced the excessive use of the agreement to force a “regime change and military occupation of the country.”
Such was the hypocrisy in Washington, London and Paris that their planes bombed the civilian population in Benghazi and Misrata, among other Libyan cities, killing hundreds of people, although they allegedly intervened in their defense. Previously, “rebel forces” had been trained by US military instructors and other NATO countries, while provided with sophisticated weapons and information. The US State Department had worked to create a pro-USA National Transitional Council to impose it as a new government after the defeat of Gaddafi.
In fact, prior to the onset of the military aggression, British and US military commands (in operations approved by Cameron and Obama, violating international law) had infiltrated Libya and carried out acts of sabotage and selective assassinations. The Western military went so far as to use clothing similar to the militia of the rebel side, to camouflage their intervention before the international institutions: they were NATO soldiers, but they never recognized their condition, and they trained the rebels and fought with them.
‘Libya has 26 million weapons and a population of six million,’ Martin Kobler, the top United Nations official in Libya, said during his speech at the Human Rights Council at the United Nations in Geneva
During the summer months of 2011, NATO launched thousands of combat missions, and sent “special operations” commands to reinforce attacks by armed rebels backed by the Western alliance. On 20 October, Gaddafi fled from Sirte, his convoy was attacked by American and French planes, and was finally detained by rebel forces, aided by these “special operations commandos” of the United States. Afterwards, he was murdered in cold blood.
Five days before Gaddafi’s assassination, British Prime Minister Cameron and French President Sarkozy flew to Libya in the rebel-controlled area as US CIA teams worked to locate Gaddafi and assassinate him. His death was celebrated by Obama, Cameron, Sarkozy and Hillary Clinton.
Violating the UN resolution, using war again as an instrument of foreign policy, the United States and its allies achieved their goals. NATO bombings destroyed airports, infrastructure and ports of the country, official centers, barracks, roads, and hundreds of thousands were forced to flee, according to UN estimates, becoming refugees in their own land.
The foreign reserves and resources of the country were intervened (blatantly stolen) by the western governments. Today, the country’s economy is barely a third of what it was before the NATO intervention in 2011. Then, predictably, the ‘battle of flags’ between the different armed groups exploded (as happened in Afghanistan after the triumph of the “the warlords” also supported by the United States);
Chaos came to the country, devastation, fanatical militiamen and armed bandits who seized everything. Libya became a nightmare, where kidnappings, clandestine torture centers, murders, rapes of women, have taken over daily life in hell; food and medicines are lacking, to the point that in many cities, as in Benghazi, people are forced to eat rotten food and rats.Libyan victim with signs of torture
To this landscape of hell, is united the destruction of public centers, squares, parks and places where the population went before the war; to all this is added the theft of property and the public executions and decapitations organized by the jihadist groups, which have become common currency of the new Libya today. Independent sources speak of hundreds of people, perhaps thousands, beheaded by armed detachments of religious militia fanatics.
Salafist groups and jihadists continue to control important areas of the territory, and although Washington attempted to raise a democratic setting in the June 2014 elections on a census of 3.5 million people, only 18% of the population voted. Many cities have become ruined, and antipersonnel mines are a mortal danger to the survivors.
Several hundred armed groups, facing each other, are fighting for control of the territory and wealth of the country, along with mafias who traffic with people, who condemn forced migrants to forced labour, who kill with impunity. Meanwhile two governments and two “parliaments” in Tripoli and in Tobruk (then supported by NATO) attempted to defeat their adversary and obtain external recognition.
To get out of the chaos, (get the oil flowing) Western governments pushed for the so-called “government of national unity”, which was created in Morocco in December 2015, chaired by Fayez al-Sarraj, although it still does not establish its authority throughout the country and is even incapable of controlling Tripoli, where there are several dozen armed militias whose agenda focuses on seizing oil for export, extorting the population and migrants and trafficking with people.
In other important Libyan cities, such as Sirte, Misrata and Tobruk, the same thing happens. In turn, General Jalifa Haftar now controls Tobruk, with military and financial aid from Egypt and the United Arab Emirates. Haftar is a Libyan military man who, after breaking with Gaddafi, was transferred by the CIA to the United States in the 1990s and was later to lead the armed militia that financed the American agency.collage depicting the greedy cruel NATO mass murderers
To them must be added the forces controlled by Daesh, the self-styled Islamic State, which has important connivances in the monarchies of the Persian Gulf.
In that hellish chaos, Washington continues to send “special operations groups” (such as the one that arrived in December of 2015 to the military base of Al-Watiya, in the district of An Nuqat al Khams, next to the Tunisian border, a command that was Blocked by armed groups and then forced to leave the country), and uses its aviation to bomb militias that are not to its liking, while supporting the government of Fayez al-Sarraj, although they still have the asset of Haftar, an old employee of The CIA.
In practice, the various militias block each other, and the chaos is such that there is no side capable of imposing itself on others. The United States tries to stabilize the situation, through the government of Fayez al-Sarraj, although it would not disdain to support a government of Haftar if it managed to impose itself in the greater part of the country: it wants to have a client government that assures its interests, and the Department Of State is capable of making any bandit government presentable.
Libya the United States its European allies (Britain, France) responsible for the country’s tragedy are interested in different issues: Brussels is trying to contain the arrival of migrants from Libya today, which some sources estimate at 150,000 per year, a matter of particular concern to Germany;
Washington intends to control Daesh (with whom it temporises in Syria, where, in fact, it is seen as an ally in the war to topple the government of Damascus), deactivate the hundreds of militias, and recover oil production. In turn, the UN special envoy for Libya, Martin Kobler, tries, without luck, to mediate in chaos.
In the meantime, television and the big international press ceased long ago to show interest in Libya today, following a script used many times with success. Libya, a failed state with the presence of Daesh (which has just lost Sirte), where all groups and militias commit war crimes in the face of Western indifference, is today a country for which no NATO power is responsible. Although a third of the population needs urgent food aid, even if the Libyans have to eat rats and drink pestilential waters, even if they are forced to contemplate constant murders and beheadings, even though life is worthless there, the chancelleries are content that the Libyans have been condemned to live in hell.
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